The Identity and Divinity of Jesus Christ
Jesus’ original name in Hebrew is יהושע, which is transliterated into English as Yehoshuah, or Yeshua for short. (So the English version of his Hebrew name is Joshua).
The Koine Greek version of his name is Ἰησο ς Iēsoûs. This name was transliterated into Late Latin as Iesus. And from this, it was transliterated into English as Jesus, which is the name we commonly refer to him as now.
Jesus’ name literally means “YHWH rescues” or “YHWH is salvation” or “YHWH shall deliver his people from their sins.”
Jesus is the second person of the revealed “Holy Trinity”, or Godhead–(God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit). Jesus has many titles. He is also known as “Immanuel (God with us),” the “lamb of God,” the “only begotten Son of God,” or the “Logos” (Word of God).
Colossians 1:15 refers to Jesus as the visible image of the invisible God. Jesus is God incarnate, or God in human form. He had a miraculous conception–born to the virgin Mary through the Holy Spirit. As God in the flesh, Jesus lived a perfect and sinless life.
Full of grace and truth, Jesus came to earth to show us an example of how to live a life that was pleasing to God the Father in Heaven. Most of his teachings were about repentance from sin and about how to inherit the kingdom of God.
Jesus is the Christ, the Messiah, or the anointed one of God who has been chosen to be the savior of the world. He taught that we should all believe in him because he is the way, the truth and the life, and that there is no way to heaven except by him. His supernatural signs, wonders, miracles, healings, and etc were evidence that God was with and in him. His fulfilling of the Old Testament prophesies was proof that he was the Messiah.
Jesus used his body as a scapegoat and laid his life down for us. By his suffering, innocent bloodshed and death on the cross, he appeased the wrath of the Father and completely paid the price for the sins of the world. In doing so, he delivered us from the law of sin that condemned us and brought grace to live a life of freedom by way of the Spirit. After Jesus died, and was buried in a tomb, he rose from the grave in three days, then ascended back into heaven where he is currently seated at the right hand of the Father as the Great High Priest, and where he is continuously making intercession for us to get saved. Jesus is both lord and savior.
The identity and divinity of Jesus Christ is important because his uniqueness distinguishes him from others who claim (or will claim) to be him.